Prasar Bharati is the Public Service Broadcaster of the country. It is a statutory autonomous body established under the Prasar Bharati Act and came into existence on 23.11.1997. The largest of its kind, Prasar Bharati comprises of All India Radio and Doordarshan Television Network, which were previously media units of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
All India Radio is India’s Public Service Radio Broadcaster and the Radio vertical of Prasar Bharati. Serving its mandate to inform, educate and entertain its listeners, All India Radio is living up to its motto of ‘Bahujan Hitaya: Bahujan Sukhaya’. It is one of the largest broadcasting organisations in the world in terms of number of languages of broadcast and the spectrum of socio-economic and cultural diversity it serves. AIR’s home service constitutes of 470 broadcasting centres pan India, which covers nearly 92% of country’s area and 99.19% of India’s total population. AIR produces programmes in 23 languages and 179 dialects.
Doordarshan is India's Public Service Television Network and the television vertical of Prasar Bharati. It is one of the largest broadcasting organisations in the world in terms of studios and transmitters. Doordarshan serves its mandate through its three tier programme services – National, Regional and Local. National programmes emphasise on events and issues of interest to the entire nation. These programmes include news, current affairs, magazine programmes and documentaries on science, art, culture, environment, social issues, serials, music, dance, drama and feature films.
DD News, the Television News Channel of Prasar Bharati, is the only Terrestrial Cum Satellite News Channel of the country. It has been successfully serving its mandate to give balanced, fair and accurate news without sensationalizing as well as to carry different shades of opinion. DD News was launched on 3rd November 2003, after converting DD Metro into a 24-hour news channel. With its satellite footprint pan India, DD News terrestrial reach is 49% by population and 25% by area of the country. DD News is currently producing news content in Hindi, English, Urdu and Sanskrit languages. Total of more than 30 news bulletins are telecast in these languages in over 17 hours of Live Transmission.
The News Service Division of All India Radio is the Radio News Network of Prasar Bharati. It strives to provide news and views to every dweller in the country even in remotest areas, 24X7, in all major languages and dialects, while adhering to highest professional ethics and standards in Radio Broadcasting. From 27 news bulletins in 1939-40, AIR today broadcasts 607 bulletins daily in 92 languages/dialects in Home, Regional and External Services.
DD Free Dish is Direct to Home (DTH) service of Prasar Bharati for delivering TV service directly through satellite with a personal small dish antenna. It is India's only Free Direct-To-Home Service (no monthly fee). Doordarshan started its DTH service as DD Direct+ in December 2004, which was renamed as DD Free Dish on 27th August 2013. At present, its capacity is 104 SDTV channels along with 40 Radio channels. DD Free Dish has a reach of more than 30 Million households, which is about 15% of the total TV Households in the country.
Prasar Bharati has introduced Digital Terrestrial Television for the first time in India. Digital Terrestrial Broadcasting will facilitate multiple programme channels through one transmitter, better video-audio quality, availability of signals on mobile and portable devices like handsets, tablets, etc. The existing Analogue TV Transmitters in India serve about 88% of Indian population. Constrained by limited frequency capacity, the Analogue Terrestrial Television platform needed a new & more efficient transmission system to meet the demands of the future and to allow for the launch of new services. India has adopted DVB Standard for its digitalization of terrestrial network. The 2nd generation DVB T2 Standard, launched in June 2008, has about 50% more capacity than its first generation DVB T. The DVB T2 Transmitter has high data capacity (up to 40 Mbps). Digitalization of Doordarshan’s Terrestrial TV Transmitters has been started in 63 cities under XI and XII Plan. DVB- T2 Transmitters are equipped for Fixed, Portable and Mobile equipments.